Posted on 24 June 2014 | 3 responses
I haven’t written much about this here, but last year, my two best writing buddies each moved to opposite sides of the country around the same time I started my MFA. This was a big change for all of us, both individually and for the critique/support writing group we’d developed over the years.
This week, I was looking at a journal (pictured above) and, for a few minutes, couldn’t remember who gave it to me or even if it was one I’d purchased myself. The three of us gave gave out matching journals multiple times, so we all have sets of notebooks that were gifts from each other. The fact that I couldn’t immediately remember who purchased this one nicely encapsulates our writing friendship and how intertwined our writing lives had become. (When I did remember who gave me this journal, by the way, I felt silly for temporarily forgetting — she bought it in Europe a few years ago.)
My copy of this particular polka-dotted journal has been long since filled with words, and now new notebooks await me. So in the spirit of filling the page, I’m going to take a summertime break from this blog. I’ll be back either in late July or sometime in August. Until then, I hope you write your heart out. I know I will.
Posted on 11 June 2014 | 3 responses
My story “Under the Linden Tree” is out in Fourteen Hills. Before I give you what you really want — more photos of my cat, Cirrus, clutching that very journal — let me share some submission stats, if that kind of thing interests you.
This story surrounds a photographer, Sam, who photographed his sister nude when they were growing up; decades later, he still fosters ambiguously unhealthy feelings toward his sister. An editor at a top-tier literary journal praised the story and writing but told me that “it’s the second story of the first five I’ve read that uses photographs as as way to begin and organize the story,” so it was a pass. A rejection from another journal offered, “The fiction editors have discussed your piece a number of times because we found it to be one of our favorite submissions. The difficulty is that we have received over 500 submissions, and while we enjoyed your piece, due to page constraints, we are not going to have the space for such a long story.” (The story is about 6,000 words, for anyone keeping track.) Overall, the story received seven rejections, about half personalized/tiered, before being accepted by Fourteen Hills a week after that last personal note.
Rejection aside, Cirrus stepped right up to pose with the issue. I’ll let him take it away:
Posted on 3 June 2014 | 7 responses
When losing is really winning. First, that beautiful hardcover lit mag you see to the left is the latest issue of Tampa Review, which includes my short story, “Q&A at the Film Fest.” For anyone out there who enters the occasional literary contest but feels disheartened by not winning, let me share that I submitted “Q&A at the Film Fest” not through Tampa Review‘s regular submission process, but as an entry for their Danahy Fiction Prize. My story was named a finalist but did not win. A few months later, however, the editors contacted me to say they hadn’t forgotten my story and wanted to publish it. So it seems that sometimes contest entries, even if they don’t win, really are accepted for regular publication from time to time. (And in this case, since Tampa Review pays contributors, I recouped my original contest entry fee in the process.) Just a flash of hope for everyone out there getting the “Thanks, but sorry” emails after entering contests.
The path to double publication. Roxane Gay’s An Untamed State is a dark, compelling, gripping, risky, and difficult novel. I loved it. I read it in two days, and it only took that long because I forced myself to slow down and not stay up all night finishing it. Some of you may be aware that she has an essay collection, Bad Feminist, out later this summer. Two books in one year? Damn straight. Check out her thoughts on having it all come together in the same year, and how she worried for a time that And Untamed State might not find a publisher at all: Two Damn Books: How I Got Here and Where I Want To Go.
Paying the price. In The Cost of a Dream, Kim Treidman keeps it real in her discussion of how much it really costs — in money, time, isolation, even humiliation — to pursue the dream of writing and publishing. As she says, her story is not for the faint of heart: “So now for the big question – the one you’ve all been waiting for: am I going to make money on this book? Hell, no. Have the emotional benefits of getting the book out there made it all worthwhile anyhow – seeing the cover, receiving the first advance copies, doing the readings and interviews and public appearances? No, no, no. While there are aspects of all of these that bring joy and affirmation and celebration, I have to say that in the grand tally none of these benefits comes even close to the costs.” But don’t worry. The piece ends on a slightly higher note.
On literary vs. commercial. The New York Times “Draft” series, which explores the art and craft of writing, has some interesting opinion pieces. I enjoyed reading this one, A Master’s in Chick Lit, about a published commercial author who entered an MFA program and subsequently dulled her voice and the excitement in her writing in the name of Literary Art (capital L, capital A). Even though this isn’t my experience in my MFA program — we encourage everyone to pursue and honor their inherent voices and skills, and to write what they want, and we never promote boring writing in the name of so-called literature — this was still entertaining and also a little depressing.
Dust in the wind. Did you know that we’re all going to miss almost everything? And that’s okay.
Open for business. Frustrated that so many lit mags seem to close shop during the summer months? Here’s a handy list of journals that are open to submissions during the summer months.
A keep-it-short competition for poets and fiction writers. I’m happy to be on staff at a literary journal that remains open to submissions during the summer months — and those online submissions are always free. But if you don’t mind a small entry fee for the chance to enter a top-notch contest, then Mid-American Review‘s Fineline Competition for flash fiction, prose poems, and anything in-between (as long as each piece is 500 words or under; no line breaks for poetry) has been extended through June 15. So send us your short pieces. First prize is $1,000; the winner and some finalists will be published in our special 35th anniversary issue. The entry fee for each submission of three pieces is only $10 — that’s fairly low for a contest with a $1,000 grand prize.
A blog is born. Finally, I’m happy to announce that Mid-American Review‘s new website and blog are up and running. Here’s an interview I conducted with our editor-in-chief, Abigail Cloud. She offers excellent insight and was a really good sport about everything — even when I asked her to describe the publication in 10 words or fewer and to make it rhyme. Check it out!
Posted on 29 May 2014 | 2 responses
Once upon a time, a well-meaning friend tagged me in one of those blog tours and I responded in obnoxious run-on sentences that avoid actually answering the questions. Buckle up, guys. It’s time for my stab at the “My Writing Process” blog tour. And when I say stab, I mean stab.
Who tagged me: Tricia Springstubb is the author of many acclaimed works for both adults and children, most recently What Happened on Fox Street; Mo Wren, Lost and Found; and Phoebe and Digger. Her new middle grade novel, Moonpenny Island, is forthcoming from HarperCollins, and an as-of-yet untitled chapter book is also on the publishing horizon.
But who is Tricia really? Here’s a photo of her with a stuffed fox (bottom of post) at an author’s event on an unbearably hot day in 2012. Here’s that time she totally caught me drinking wine at an awards ceremony when I’d previously claimed I wouldn’t for fear of getting tipsy before having to accept the award. (Spoiler: She joined me with a glass of her own like any good friend would.) And here’s a lovely guest post she did for my blog a few years ago. I’m lucky to be in a writing group with Tricia, which means I get to reap the benefits of her thoughtful reading and of course get sneak peeks of her writing before it hits the stores and inevitably wins awards or gets starred Kirkus reviews. Tricia is a kind-hearted and wonderful writer and reader, and I’m lucky to know her. She tagged me in this blog tour, though I have to say she (or anyone) doesn’t deserve the type of vague/bizarre answers I’m going to give. Let’s hit it!
1) What are you working on?
I’m working on a second story collection that so far consists of creepy, dark stories that require lots of cringing and tea breaks and worrying that what I’m doing is potentially horrifying/distasteful/off the mark. And I’m still working on that novel about stars and skin and girls and futures and pasts.
On a non-writing note, I also have these wildly unwise plans to paint nearly every room in my house this summer, which is saying something because I am a slow and terrible painter. It takes me something like four days to remove photos and spackle/sand a wall and then another full day to clean off the dust and then two days to apply that blue tape and then forever more to paint and squint and fix my mistakes and then wash the paint out of my hair. I bought three gallons of paint this week and honestly, just thinking about clearing out the hallway to start painting it makes me want to take a two-week nap. Also, my garden is 96% weeds and I’m considering just changing my perspective to consider weeds the desirable things and everything else invasive. So basically, I want to change the inside and outside of my living arrangements and also write part of one book and revise another, all in three months. Should be a super fun summer.
2) How does my work differ from others of its genre?
This question makes me think of this one time at a Big Fancy Writing Conference when an agent asked me what other books I’d compare my manuscript to and I panicked and went blank. I mean, in regular life I could definitely offer up comparisons, but in that moment I just couldn’t. Sometimes my brain self-sabotages and shuts down with the intent of making me look stupid, but what can you do. Also, in case you were wondering, my agent meeting was one of the conference-organized ones that I’m sure some agents only subject themselves to in order to gain the rest of the sweet sweet conference perks (I don’t blame them). So it’s not like she tracked me down on the dance floor or anything because she was dying for my comparison titles. Of course, I did know someone who asked a literary agent to dance at one of these writing conferences and she politely turned him down and then they had to continue standing next to each other in awkward silence. Anyway, that is apparently my entire answer to this question. You’re welcome.
3) Why do I write what I do?
If you knew what I was writing right at this moment, then this would be a very awkward question indeed and we would immediately drop eye contact. Let’s save this moment for all the uncomfortable questions I might get if one of these books is published. I will say, though, that last night I woke up at 3am with a way to end the story I’m currently working on and it was only after I jotted out a note to myself that I realized the ending sort of explained a big part of my life. But of course the real reason I write what I do is because, like all other writers in the universe, I think that what I have to say needs to be said and that it hasn’t yet been told in quite the way I’m going to tell it.
4) How does your writing process work?
My writing process is fueled by self-imposed guilt trips, green jasmine tea, spider solitaire, ambition, good books, jealousy, lyricism, rhythm, and hope.
This is where I’m supposed to tag additional authors to join the blog tour but I’m not going to because I’m just that rebellious; plus, considering the quality of my answers here, I feel like I have already derailed this portion of our tour. Instead, I encourage you to read the much more reasonable blog tour (blog relay? What even is this? What am I doing? Seriously, I don’t know) answers from Tricia, Kristin Ohlson and Susan Grimm.
Photo: Julia Wolf
Posted on 13 May 2014 | 2 responses
Yesterday, I described my process for reading and evaluating dozens of manuscripts for a short story collection contest. Today, I’ll share some of the common problems I saw in the submissions as well as some tips aimed to help writers submit the strongest collections possible.
Let’s get the negative stuff out of the way first. Here are some of the most common pitfalls I noticed in contest submissions:
One of the Crowd: The writing was competent (or even impressive) on the sentence level, but the stories were slow, predictable, or uninspired. Even if the stories were proficient, if there was no spark – nothing that excited me, made me want to keep reading, or set the collection apart from others – that collection didn’t stand a chance against the other submissions.
(Un)happy Endings: The writing and stories were interesting and well-written, but they ended poorly. Most often, the stories would conclude very abruptly or just trail off, creating the sensation that they had no endings at all. Other endings were predictable or sentimental. Either way, a weak ending ruined any effect the story might have otherwise achieved.
Highs and Lows: The collection was uneven. In addition to several stellar stories, the collection also contained stories that were dull, predictable, slow, or flawed. No matter how wonderful the strong stories might be, the weaker ones detracted from the collection as a whole.
Most of the submissions I received were really well written. Beautiful writing, however, isn’t enough to make a standout short story collection. If you’re putting together a collection, ask yourself these questions:
- Do my stories end strongly and leave the reader with a lasting impression?
- Do all of these stories belong in this manuscript, and if not, am I willing to hold off on submitting until the entire collection is as strong as it could be?
- What about this collection might excite or inspire readers? What sets it apart from others?
In addition to these big-picture craft issues, some additional, nuts-and-bolts issues cropped up in my batch of submissions. Here are some tips for when you’re compiling your own contest entry:
Make sure you are submitting work appropriate for the contest. I know this one should be obvious, but I received several submissions that did not meet the parameters of the contest. Several writers, for example, submitted novels instead of story collections. (The first time I came across a novel, I was so surprised that I actually stopped and double checked the contest’s rules.) I did look at these novels – I wanted to give everything a chance and didn’t toss anything aside unread – but they did not make it into the “yes” pile. Even if they had, they probably would have been disqualified. I also received some essay collections (nonfiction) or hybrid collections of multiple genres that also didn’t qualify as short story collections.
Please note that there is a difference between a novel and a linked story collection. I received many linked collections, some of which were very strong and ended up among my final selections. I understand that some manuscripts might blur the lines between linked stories and novels, but the submissions I received were very easy to figure out: either they were story collections, or they weren’t. It was clear that the novels were submitted by writers who didn’t fully grasp the type of contest they were entering.
Adhere to the page length expectations for short story collections – and if you deviate from those expectations, make sure you have a good reason. Most story collections generally came in around 150-225 manuscript pages. I received one, however, that topped 400 pages, and another, very short collection that consisted entirely of single-page flash stories. Now, I recognize that there could exist an unpublished 400-page story collection of great genius just waiting for someone to overlook the page count and take a risk, just as there are surely readers who’d fall in love with that very short flash collection. But be aware that if you submit something that doesn’t meet the traditional expectations of what a story collection looks like, you start out at a disadvantage unless your work is so special/strong/compelling that it makes a case for itself. Unfortunately, none of the outliers in my submission batch gave me a convincing reason to move them into the “yes” pile.
Follow standard format guidelines and don’t use decorative clip art/images/graphics of any kind. I only saw the clip-art issue a few times, but it was always memorable if only because it left such an unprofessional impression. Of course, if one of your stories makes use of graphs or charts that are integral to the work, then fine. But putting clip art on your cover page or on the first page of each story doesn’t work in your favor. In general, you can’t go wrong with using a 12-point font like Times New Roman or Garamond, double spacing, etc. And please don’t forget page numbers.
Check and double check your table of contents before submitting. I saw quite a lot of table of content pages that were off – either by a few pages per story or, in some cases, by many dozens of pages. This didn’t prevent me from reading and enjoying a collection, but it was a bit of an inconvenience. I do use the table of contents to orient myself, skip ahead, return to another story, etc. It helps when they’re accurate.
Pay careful attention to story order. Remember, I started by reading the first story and then the final story. There’s no guarantee that’s how your collection will be read, but I do believe it’s a fairly common practice. In any case, you’ll want to start strong, and you also want your final story to leave the reader with a lasting impression. I suggest putting your strongest story first, your next-strongest story last, and then your third-strongest story second. I understand that your “best” stories are subjective (everything here is subjective), but surely you have an idea of which stories might be your best. And please don’t place one of your weaker stories second in the collection. Several times, I read a strong first story only to feel let down when it was followed by a weak second story. Even if the collection picks up again later, that sour taste lingered from the questionable second story. (The best advice, of course, is to slave over your collection until you don’t have any weak stories in the collection. Easier said than done, I know.)
When I finally finished reading and packed up the manuscripts (mostly to prevent Cirrus from trying to eat their rubber bands), I was left with a solid list of finalists and a better understanding of how these contests work. And while I can’t speak for all contest readers, I can say that when I stepped into this role, I tried really, really hard: to be fair, to be attentive, and to treat the work as I’d want mine to be treated. But I also saw that no contest can be truly fair or objective or correct. Every reader and every judge brings his or her own tastes and passions to the table. All we can do is hope that our work, once it’s developed and strong enough, hits just the right person at just the right time.
Are you entering contests? Why or why not?
Posted on 12 May 2014 | 3 responses
I recently served as a reader for a short story collection contest. That means I was responsible for evaluating between three and four dozen book-length manuscripts – only a small portion of the contest’s entire entry pool – and sending my top picks on to the final judge, who would choose a winner to receive publication and prize money.
While Living Arrangements won a collection contest back in 2010, this was my first time on the other side of the fence. I thought I’d share my process for reading/judging these manuscripts as well as some tips for anyone planning to enter a collection contest in the future.
First, I’d like to stress that there’s no universal process for judging writing contests. I wasn’t given any strict guidelines for how to proceed, and every contest reader probably has her own method for sorting through the vast number of entries these contests attract. Based on a very rough estimate, I was responsible for upwards of 8,000 pages of fiction, which again represents only a fraction of the contest’s overall entries. (The photo I’ve included here shows many, but not all, of the collections I read.) That’s a lot of pages. So how did I do it?
I started by logging each submission into my own spreadsheet. For the record, this contest used anonymous submissions, which meant I did not know the writers’ identities. Next, I quickly read the first and final stories in each collection. That’s right – only the first and last story, nothing in the middle (except for a few special cases that made for trickier decisions). Then I separated the collections into three piles: yes, no, and maybe. I was fairly conservative in my decision-making process. If I truly couldn’t decide between a “yes” and a “maybe,” I moved that collection into the yes pile. If I couldn’t decide between “no” and “maybe,” it went into the maybe pile. Here’s a breakdown of how I made decisions for each category:
Yes: I moved a collection into the “yes” pile when it contained strong writing, imagination, storytelling, technique, etc., so I could later give it a full, careful reading. Putting collections in this pile didn’t necessarily mean they would end up among my final picks, of course; it only meant that they needed a more complete reading so I could make the best decision possible. Usually, designating a manuscript as a “yes” was a fast and easy decision – a strong submission came across that way from the start. Roughly 22% of all entries ended up in my “yes” pile.
No: Making a decision to move something to the “no” pile was also usually a quick and dirty decision. Maybe the writing wasn’t strong, maybe the stories were cliché or contained glaring flaws, maybe the submission wasn’t appropriate for the contest, or maybe I simply knew there was no chance I’d rank that submission among my top choices. I placed 58% of submissions in this category.
Maybe: I moved a story in the “maybe” pile when I didn’t see enough that warranted either a “yes” or a flat-out “no.” By far, making the call to put a collection in this pile took the most time and created some of my most difficult decisions. This was the only category in which I might dip into other stories besides the first and the last to get a more comprehensive view. Unfortunately, in reality, the “maybe” pile was really more of an extension of the “no” category. I considered the maybes something of a backup in case my “yes” pile wasn’t as strong as I’d expected once I completed full readings. Roughly 20% ended up in this pile.
On Time, Instinct, and Fairness
That was the first round. From there, I spent more than a month reading the “yes” pile. In most cases, I read each manuscript in its entirety, from the first page to the last. (A few times, however, I stopped reading early when it became clear the collection wasn’t strong enough to make it as one of my top picks.) Sometimes I grew frustrated with a collection that started out strong but started to waver later on, but at other times, I was so engrossed in the manuscript that I didn’t want it to end.
At every step of the way, I was aware of my own biases, preferences, and the very subjective nature of this entire process. Above all, I wanted to be fair. I didn’t want to discount a collection just because it wasn’t the type of book I’d usually pick up. I remained open to different voices and styles and subject matters. Mostly, though, I simply wanted to find really good submissions that deserved to win the prize.
This process also took a lot of time. I couldn’t exactly blaze through an entire stack of book-length story collections in one weekend, after all. And while I worried over the rankings at first (“Does this collection really deserve to be in my #3 spot? What makes it better than the manuscript in the #4 slot?”), my decisions became easier with time. I took notes on each submission, and soon a natural ranking emerged. The standout manuscripts made themselves known and quickly rose to the top. Of my group, I had two manuscripts that were very, very strong – collections I hope to see published sometime in the near future, even if they don’t end up winning this contest – and several others that were so good I wouldn’t be surprised if they ended up winning.
But remember, I wasn’t the final judge, and I also didn’t have the benefit of seeing all the contest entries. If my portion contained that many potential winners, then there were probably a lot more strong submissions out there in other readers’ hands.
Tomorrow, I’ll post some of the common pitfalls I observed among submissions as well as tips for entering collection contests. Stayed tuned!
Posted on 6 May 2014 | 14 responses
My personal essay, “In the Twelve Years Since You Died,” which chronicles the time in my life following my mother’s death, is out now in the May issue of The Sun magazine. You can read an excerpt online. Here’s the opening paragraph:
In the twelve years since you died, I moved eleven times and saw five therapists. I hiked in the Grand Canyon, backpacked through Europe, and drank wine in the high, open window of a Montreal hostel. I took a train alone from Toronto to Vancouver, sleeping upright in my seat for three nights. I graduated from college. I fell in love. I hung your portrait above my desk.
My contributor copies arrived on sunny Saturday afternoon a few weeks ago. I pulled the issues from the envelope and stared at the photograph on the cover, a black-and-white image of a little girl standing with her arms twisted behind her back, before flipping forward to find my essay. For so many years, I had read and enjoyed The Sun and, yes, imagined seeing my own name among the list of contributors. Now that it had happened, I felt somehow stunned.
So how did it happen? A few of my writing friends have asked me this very question. Some wanted to know whether I submitted to a particular editor, or if I had been solicited, or, basically, if I did anything special or flashy to encourage the staff to pluck my essay from the thousands they surely receive each year.
The answer to all of those questions is no. The truth is so simple and so expected that it feels unnecessary to even write it down, but here it is:
I read the magazine consistently for years while steadily improving my own writing, and then I finally submitted a strong piece that matched the magazine’s aesthetic.
That’s it. I had no secret formulas or connections or insider’s knowledge; I simply mailed my essay to the general submission address everyone else uses. But I can offer a bit more perspective:
Real Confidence vs. Blind Hope
In recent years, I submitted several fiction pieces to The Sun. When I look back on those earlier submissions, what makes me cringe is not that they were rejected, but that I submitted them at all. Truthfully, those stories were not right for The Sun. If I had been really, really honest with myself, I might have noticed that the stories I was submitting didn’t exactly match the tone, style, subject matter, or aesthetic of the magazine. Instead, I did what so many writers do: I closed my eyes against these realities, stuffed my work into an envelope, and sent it off while blindly hoping for the best.
As you can probably imagine, blindly hoping for the best isn’t a strategy you should count on.
The best response I received from The Sun in those earlier years was a personal rejection for “Living Arrangements,” what would become the title story in my collection. I still have that handwritten note somewhere in my files, and I remember how encouraged I was that someone at The Sun saw merit in this story. They weren’t going to publish it, but they had taken notice.
As time passed, I reevaluated my submission strategy and decided to get serious about understanding how my writing might align with what this magazine actually published. I noticed that The Sun publishes more essays than fiction, so I submitted a short personal essay. It was quickly rejected. (A regular form rejection, for anyone keeping track.)
I regrouped and kept writing. I wrote another essay that I believed to be quite strong, something I could envision in The Sun’s pages. In late 2012, I thought it was ready. I printed out the essay and the cover letter, put together an SASE, and addressed the envelope. But when it came time to seal the envelope, something stopped me. Was this really something The Sun would accept? I thought it was a good piece, but something still felt off about the beginning. Maybe it wasn’t ready after all.
The longer I sat there considering, the more I was able to push aside my blind hope. The truth was, despite the essay’s merits, I couldn’t imagine The Sun editors loving it quite enough to accept it. And so, because I only wanted to send this magazine something I wholeheartedly believed deserved or maybe even needed to be in those pages, I did not mail that envelope.
Instead, I wrote another essay. An even stronger essay. An essay that, after workshopping it with two of my very trusted writing groups and revising it several times, I knew was perfect for The Sun – for real this time. Less than two months after writing the first draft (which is an insanely short turnaround for me), I dropped that new essay in the mail. I didn’t even consider sending it to other publications; I knew for sure this time that the essay was the right fit for The Sun, and that’s where I wanted it to appear.
It took months of waiting for a response, and then some editing, and then some fact checking with helpful family members, and then some more editing and cutting, but that’s where the essay is now: in the May issue of The Sun.
Getting an acceptance from The Sun was about more than writing and submitting that one essay. It took years of developing my writing and gaining not only hard-earned confidence in my work, but also a true familiarity with the magazine itself. In this case, that advice every other writer has heard so many times really is true: Know the market you’re submitting to, and submit your strongest work.
What are you submitting?
Posted on 29 April 2014 | 1 response
“Once upon a time, in a far-off land, I was kidnapped by a gang of fearless yet terrified young men with so much impossible hope beating inside their bodies it burned their very skin and strengthened their will right through their bones.”
That’s the opening line of Roxane Gay’s new novel, An Untamed State, which will officially be released May 9. I managed to pick up a copy early at the Columbus Community College Writers Conference on Saturday, where Roxane was the keynote speaker. When discussing her novel, which surrounds the kidnapping of a Haitian woman and the sexual and psychological violence she endures, Roxane said, “There were times I definitely made myself sick. I made myself cry — that’s when I knew I was on the right track.” While she may have suffered for her art, she also stressed that it was important to have a way out of that troubling mindset. She’d step back from the writing, take a walk, or otherwise find a way to remind herself that there’s more good in the world than bad.
Roxane also read her piece How to Be a Contemporary Writer to offer the aspiring writers in the room a little advice and encouragement. If you haven’t read this yet, check it out. Much of what she’s written here resonates with me, including “Accept that there is no one way to make it as a writer and that the definition of making it is fluid and tiered” and “Accept that sometimes cream actually does rise to the top and hard, consistent work will eventually get noticed, maybe not in the way you envisioned, but some way, some how,” but this next item applies to the panel I organized at this same event: “Know that more often than not, editors have your best interests at heart.”
Just after Roxane’s keynote, I presented a panel with other Mid-American Review editors (Jason Marc Harris, Jenelle Clausen, Lauren Boulton, and Sasha Khalifeh) to give attendees a behind-the-scenes look at our editorial selection process. We displayed the opening pages or lines of stories and poems we recently accepted for publication and offered suggestions on how to get — and keep — a literary magazine editor’s attention.
Our audience was lively and so curious about our process that we had to redesign the session on the fly to accommodate all their questions. (That’s a wonderful thing, if you ask me.) I thought I’d share a few of their questions and our answers. Some of the most common questions were addressed in my earlier post on this blog, “Submit to Me: Inside Mid-American Review.”
What does it mean when a journal has held my submission for a long time? This question came right after we explained that we might keep a promising piece around for a while as we mull it over. This means that sometimes, when your piece is held for what seems like forever, it’s a good thing. But unfortunately, writers can’t predict what is happening just based on the response time. We might be behind in our reading or haven’t gotten to a particular batch of submissions for some reason or another. I think it’s best to submit and then try to avoid playing guessing games about what the response time means. (Easier said than done, I know.)
How much do cover letters matter? What if I don’t have any prior publications? The short answer is that cover letters matter very little to us — or to many literary magazines. We are interested in your writing, not your past accomplishments. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve received cover letters with long lists of publications and awards, but then that particular submission falls flat (for me, anyway). In our online submissions manager, writers can even leave the cover letter section blank if they want. No problem.
Do all your rejections always say “please send again”? For Mid-American Review, the short answer is no. We use a few different form rejections. There’s the simple, basic one, and then there’s the “please send again” form. These are the two most common rejections we send out, but sometimes we send even higher level rejections or personal notes. If you get the first type of form rejection, it’s not a slight or an indication that we hated your work. As difficult as it can be, it’s best to try not to read too much into a rejection of any sort. But if you do receive the “please send again” rejection, take that to heart and submit again when you have a piece that you think is perfect for our magazine.
If a piece is well written and starts out strong, what most commonly ends up turning editors off and resulting in rejection? This happens a fair amount, unfortunately, and in fiction, the answer is generally that the pace is too slow, not much happens, and the story doesn’t have enough tension to hold our interest. My additional advice about this problem is not very cheery, but it’s realistic: When you submit a story or poem to a literary journal, picture that submission sitting in the editor’s inbox with 100 other submissions. What about your piece sets it apart? What makes it special or different or compelling enough to grab that editor’s attention? Writers — all of us, and that includes me — need to take a cold look at their work before hitting “send” to make sure they are submitting the strongest piece that has the best chance at publication. I know that in the past, I’ve been guilty of submitting stories that should never have seen the light of day (at least not yet). It’s a hard lesson to learn.
How do you handle the reading process and editorial discussions? In general, every submission is read at least twice at Mid-American Review. Say I receive a submission that is competent but that I don’t love; I’ll forward this submission with a note to another editor for her opinion. Because this process is so subjective, it’s good to know that at least one more person (in some cases, more than one) will take a look and see if the story or poem has a spark. And anytime we find a strong piece that stands out from the pack, we forward it to all editors in that genre. The editorial staff meets weekly to discuss the submissions in this pile. We don’t always agree, and sometimes one of us will fight for a piece, or we’ll decide to hold off and see if the work continues to stand out even after some time has passed. If we decide we want to accept it, we ask our editor in chief to read it so she can offer her opinion or make the final call.
For more on this topic, read What Editors Want: A Must-Read for Writers Submitting to Literary Magazines, which offers a comprehensive and honest view of the lit mag editorial/submission process.
What’s your impossible hope?
Posted on 24 April 2014 | 8 responses
I’ll be presenting at the Columbus State Community College Writers Conference this Saturday, April 26, along with four other Mid-American Review editors. Our panel is titled, “Opening Lines: Mid-American Review Editors Discuss Strategies for Creating Stronger Beginnings.” We’ll discuss some specific stories and poems and why their openings grabbed us, submission stats, tips for submitting, and suggestions for creating stronger beginnings. So if you’re in the central Ohio area, come and learn more about the Mid-American Review submission process at this event. Did I mention Roxane Gay is the keynote speaker?
Speaking of Mid-American Review, our Fineline contest for prose poems, short-shorts, and everything in between (provided “everything” else is 500 words or fewer) is open through June 1. First prize is $1,000 and publication in MAR Volume XXXV, Number 1. Lindsay Hunter will judge. Entry fee is $10. Read the full guidelines online.
Finally, the photo for today’s post is the May 2014 issue of The Sun magazine. My essay, “In the Twelve Years Since You Died,” which focuses on my mother’s death (or, more accruately, the time in my life following her rather sudden death), appears in this issue. I consider this publication a major milestone in my writing career, and I have to admit I’m pretty proud of it. More on this later. For now, I have a presentation to prepare.
How do you begin?
Posted on 16 April 2014 | 1 response
A few weeks ago, when I browsed through the film selections for the Cleveland International Film Fest, I stopped at the entry for Reaching for the Moon. I didn’t know much of anything about the director, and I hadn’t read any reviews or even viewed the trailer, but I already knew I’d buy a ticket — all because the movie is about Elizabeth Bishop.
Considering my short story, “To Elizabeth Bishop, with Love,” (published in Inkwell and part of Living Arrangements), it should be no secret that I’m an Elizabeth Bishop fan and am interested in her biography. So that’s how I came to sit alone in a theater in downtown Cleveland on a Sunday morning, all during my precious time off from school, to watch Elizabeth come to life on the screen.
The film is not without its faults. A predictable framing structure and some melodrama take away from some of the fine performances by the leading ladies. Even so, I was glad to sit for a few hours immersed in Bishop’s life and love and take in her lines like, “Me? When I hear my own poetry, I’m mortified” and “This is why you shouldn’t meet authors” and “I have always felt alien” and “I already have a commitment to pessimism. A pessimist is never disappointed.” Then there’s Elizabeth’s restraint and social awkwardness, and the fact that she’s more comfortable making friends with a cat than conversation with her hosts. Doesn’t sound like anyone around here at all, right?
In any case, the film is based on the Brazilian novel Rare and Commonplace Flowers, a book I have officially added to my reading list.
So tell me: What mortifies you?